## THE FARCE OF PHYSICS FIXED - BIG BANG AND COSMIC EXPANSION...

## Q.E.D. IN A NUTSHELL

Physicists commonly liken the expanding universe to the surface of an expanding balloon. The universe has no boundary according to Hawking. But the balloon has a boundary, and clearly there is a boundary between the upper dimension where space is freely expanding and the lower physical dimension where the equal and opposite action takes place as gravity. Then there’s Einstein’s steel balls on rubber mats to show how space curves, and we eat it right up. The latest analogy of cosmic expansion is a ball of dough filled with raisins. As the dough rises from fermentation, the little raisins, being made of matter as they are, find themselves embedded in a larger universe. Fancy that, the raisins do not occupy space, so they don't expand along with the dough, hence we little raisins who occupy no space can see the growing ball of dough. It might take a while to grasp the two dimensions of cosmic expansion, but it ends up feeling so much better than steel balls and dried raisins.

Pointing out these facts will get me banned from any physics forum for spreading conspiracy theories. I thought this was just common sense, not conspiracy theory. Indeed, who ever heard of the Cosmic Expansion Model or anything like it? It appears I’m the first and only so far. Herein lies proof that it is the only correct model of the universe. Don’t let go.

The common man has such little power. The keys to real understanding are beyond our reach. That mainstream physics is not just a joke, but a cruel joke on all of us is kept behind closed doors. If some bloke were really to discover the correct model of the universe and solve the riddle of gravity it would go to the grave with him. My own jokes hoping to fight back are lost on humanity. It isn't really a joke, though is it? How could the world of physics comprising the greatest minds in human history find itself so lost and doing such a disservice to taxpayers who trust them for honest answers?

Whether lost on the world or not, I did promise that the mathematicians would see the light and we would fight back and win. Complex formulas are Einstein’s game, so this book relies on the unerring logic of mathematics without complex equations. The simple, concise formulas used are enough to capture the truth and do the precise calculations the world waits for. So, please bear with me as we rephrase the problem of time and space in an expanding universe, bypassing the convoluted logic of Einstein and piercing the target.

Consider the physicists' pre Big Bang where the seed of the universe was squeezed into a singular point, the singularity, where time was non existent. Then is exploded and as it expanded and cooled, matter condensed out of energy. The crux, of course, is that matter occupies space, and when space and time expand or contract together as a whole, so far as we can know by means of earthly measures, by our own reckoning the universe measures exactly the same and clocks run at the same speed. So why do they tell us that the universe is expanding? Perhaps because it pays the bills. Physicists describe how we would all be crushed into nothing by the force of a black hole, but according to the equations that validated Einstein’s theories, a space traveler would see no change in his dimensions or measure of time whether far away or in the middle of a black hole. It is only "remote" observers that infer these differences in dimensions from red shift or time delay. Whose measures of time or distance is correct? The foundations of modern physics wait on the answer while the physicists talk out of both sides of their mouths. Experiments long ago proved that yardsticks and clock speeds do not change for local observers because they are locked in the box that does. Uniform velocity need not come into the argument, though Einstein himself admitted that the clock owned by the traveling brother in the twin paradox was slow due to acceleration and deceleration, not uniform motion. If the first postulate of relativity is that it is arbitrary who is at rest and who in motion, and the next postulate is that the watch worn by the traveler runs slower, then we all have the right to hear no more. Henry Dingle may have been cut down by Nature magazine, but we mathematicians can carry the torch.

True cosmic expansion as poorly described by physics can only be measured from an external coordinate system which must exist, so why not consider the nature of that outer dimension? They must be forced to deceive themselves, because proof of a fixed, outer dimension is nested within the reality of cosmic expansion. Don’t dodge the truth by simply declaring the concept of gravitational redshift without demonstrating a real cause. Only an expanding dimension explains gravitational red shift. Here's where the mathematicians can save science and rescue humanity from ignorance. It isn't necessary to have access to the coordinates of a master universe. Time and space may have a different meaning there, but objective observations of our own dimensions and time cannot be made from within our own dimension. All that is required is to assign our universe a master dimension, D, a master time, T, and a rate of time, R, then plot any changes occurring in our lower, physical dimension relative to cosmic expansion observable by a conscious entity in D.

Though we cannot see any changes in measurements as the universe expands from the so called Big Bang onwards, G will observe that the universe is indeed expanding into D at the same time Newton’s third law says it causes the equal and opposite force of gravity inside the the physical universe. Do not call me a crackpot for telling the truth. The physicists agree that at the initial singularity T is zero and the rate of time, R, is also zero. It is only when the universe expands that light is propagated at a speed proportional to mass M and the hands of a clock start to move. Recall the value of G, Newton's gravitational constant that holds the universe together, must diminish if expansion reduces density in our own dimension. This is what I held onto for a long time to justify the Big Bang. But cosmic expansion does not affect the fixed volume of the universe. Einstein himself ate crow and declared G to be variable, but he of all people should have known that G cannot be varied (refer to chapter on G for more).

Suppose that the universe suddenly stopped expanding. Internal dimensions should remain the same, but clocks would stop, and since there is no expansion to drive the force of gravity, there could be neither gravity or time. No matter how fast the rate of expansion, clock speed and gravity are determined by the quantity of mass, M, so the Big Bang could not have occurred on the physical level. And since accelerating expansion is required to produce force, the expansion of cosmic space must start small and increase. Not much of a Bang, boys. Expansion is an intrinsic property of the cosmic universe that occurs at a fixed, accelerating rate proportional to M. Acceleration of expansion is the most fundamental property of matter.

Do we need dark energy to explain diffusion? Likewise, do we need to prove the necessary fact, that matter expands at an accelerating rate into new space annexed from an outer dimension? It wasn't obvious to Einstein, but will be well understood and accepted by us as an established fact. Cosmic expansion is the cause of Hubbell’s red shift, not physical expansion within our physical sphere. The outer, cosmic dimension of the universe has been expanding, but not any of the physical dimensions or processes we know. Time proceeds as a function of expansion because the rate of expansion is what propagates light and determines the fixed ratio between clock speed and length. The world in darkness believes that time is independent and constant, that it proceeds with or without expansion; however, expansion alone drives the flow of time, force of gravity and length of a meter. To drive this point home, consider that the so called Big Bang was itself the primordial black hole where all creation was crammed into a singularity. Black holes today are little Big Bangs expanding just the same, but we don’t see them exploding. We cannot directly measure cosmic expansion or observe the furious expansion of black holes. We infer both from red shifts seen by remote observers that tell us the rate of expansion in the cosmic universe started slow and must continue to accelerate to produce the force of gravity.

This ought to be obvious, but an unbelieving world has been led through the path of darkness. The well known requirements of a "Unified Field" can’t be considered to pose the right questions until relativity is discarded and the operation of cosmic expansion properly understood. Certainly, if cosmic expansion rules gravity and time and is a property of matter, then no more reasonable conclusion can be made than that the rate of expansion is proportional to the density of matter in a given region. This is the meaning of Einstein’s “curvature” of space. On our level, we don’t see gravity as the opposing action of expansion, but logically unmistakable evidence is seen in redshift measurements and the Michelson-Morley experiment.

Interesting that Einstein stated that objects do not fall and accelerate towards the Earth, but that it is Earth accelerating upwards towards stationary objects. I have had very strongly worded retorts that Einstein never said any such thing, so spare me the trouble to embarrass you. That isn't seen in relativity or the standard model, so why? Perhaps he knew the truth of cosmic expansion. This is how it would appear to an outside observer peering inside the box. Maybe he dropped the notion because he didn't want to give credit to someone else. From outside the “box,” celestial bodies are seen to expand outwards at rates proportional to their masses and overtake smaller objects. Einstein is certainly the greatest puppet master of all time. His legion of disciples bog us down tirelessly with meaningless arguments about simultaneity and frames of reference. If modern physics is brought into line with the truth of the Cosmic Expansion Model, then physics can get over itself and advance with dignity into the 21st century.

Physicists Ponder: Is Expansion Accelerating or Decelerating?

Hopefully, you now understand why and how gravity is the equal and opposite reaction to cosmic expansion generated as a property of mass. Would a constant rate of expansion be sufficient to produce gravity which accelerates the rate of falling bodies? Not at all. The rate of expansion must accelerate to cause the equal acceleration due to gravity. We’ve all been taken in by the Big Bangers who envision the primordial original universe as raw energy and zero

entropy (perfect order). With expansion, they believe, the expanding universe cooled and eventually matter condensed out as elementary particles. But for gravity to exist, expansion must accelerate and be a fundamental property of matter. By now, this should be fully resolved in your mind, but please don’t give up until after reading the entire book. The expansion of matter into the upper dimension is opposed by the equal and opposite force in the physical dimension that pushes objects back towards each other as gravity. Even if expansion didn't produce gravity, we wouldn't perceive it because distance and the rate of time expand together. If you fell into a black hole you would be squished by intense gravitational force, but by the contraction of space. Dimensions would remain the same at least as far as ordinary yardsticks go. Understand clearly that this is no theory, but fact. The rate of expansion in the upper realm matches the rate of acceleration due to gravity in the lower dimension. Relative rates for both can be calculated from redshift with the well established Doppler formulas.

The short answer is that the expansion of the universe can only be accelerating because acceleration is the equal and opposite force of gravity. It is easy to see that expansion must be the same as the mysterious dark energy. The major failure of physicists to understand cosmic expansion is probably also the need to invent dark matter. Since physical objects do exist in the upper dimension where there is no mass, it could be that there are pockets of expanding mass that have escaped the physical dimension but still exert a retrograde force. Much study has to be done to explore the upper dimension; otherwise science will never escape the current dark age. We rely on good mathematicians to rescue humanity.

Though separated by large distances, you are even now as you always were a part of all things, a cog in the cosmic machine, but your acts steer the future course of creation. There is no reason to believe that your death will be the end of your soul and you will not inherit a place in eternity. I know this is true, not only because of the gift of a rational mind but because God showed me in a near death experience that there is a real place beyond the universe which has no mass, not empty but filled with energy. Perhaps it lies far beyond the upper dimension where light is propagated, but I like to think they are one and the same. According to Einstein, gravity is like a ball bearing rolling around on a rubber mat of space-time. If you're honest, that doesn't help understand gravity. Cosmology has become a cheap, Broadway act, but if you drive the contrivances of relativity and the standard model from your mind and ponder the Cosmic Expansion Model, the cosmos will come into perfect focus. Dueling with the physicists will get you censured. Don’t argue with stupid people whose jobs depend on propagating nonsense. Regard the universe as an enclosed box, more accurately a sphere with a distinct radius R, mass M, volume V expanding into the upper dimension at the rate M/s^2 as the units in Newton's G assure us. The age A of the universe will be considered later.

This isn’t to say that Hubbell was entirely wrong. At first he refused to accept recessional velocity as a cause of intergalactic redshift, though he eventually caved with Einstein to the Big Bangers. The intergalactic red shift does not prove expansion in the physical dimension as the cosmologists insist. The distances between stars and galaxies do not expand as a result of cosmic expansion. The redshift observed speaks only of Doppler shift in an expanding upper dimension magnified by acceleration like all gravitational red shift. There has to be a coordinate system outside the visible universe, a painful fact physicists are not able grasp even while talking of cosmic expansion. I did once think that the measurable universe could be expanding if a secondary expansion occurs as a result of a diminishing G as Einstein hastily concluded after being pursued by the Big Bangers. That was his famous Biggest Blunder. I didn't realize it was impossible for G to varied in that way until the end of this project. I took a look at the units of G and realized no person with any mathematical aptitude could conclude that. Einstein was either a cosmic fool or a lying rat or maybe forced to make a concession to harden his reputation as the greatest scientist who ever lived.

The point was made that true cosmic expansion can only be measured from an external coordinate system. Logic demands one exists. Physicists do not have access to that unknowable dimension except through redshift. Here's where mathematicians save the day. We point out that it isn't necessary to access coordinates of the master universe, only know that they are fixed. Time and space haven't the same meaning there, but inferences from observations made from our own dimension can be made. You can't call me a crackpot because these unique inferences result from sound logic. If you go back over it enough times, you can see it perfectly. It is only when the upper, external universe expands at an accelerating rate that apples fall and hands of the clock move in response. Cosmic expansion into the ethereal dimension is what gives intergalactic Hubbell red shift, not recessional velocity in our own dimension as the physicists promote with such vigor.

Only fools believe that time is independent and constant. Accelerated expansion of space at the speed of light determines the flow of time and force of gravity. To drive this point home, consider that black holes expand into the upper dimension in exactly the same way as a Big Bang would have done. The problem is that expansion starts out small and accelerates. What qualifies as big comes only later. Even more, expansion is limited to the upper dimension while dimensions in the physical universe remain fixed. This the physicists deny, but they are wrong. All we see of cosmic expansion is "gravitational" red shift. Only a remote observer in the cosmic dimension would perceive the Doppler effect of receding bodies. Expansion is proportional to mass M. If M is unchanging, the speed of light is unchanging, the force of gravity is unchanging, and the length of a meter is unchanged within the physical dimension. We cannot directly measure cosmic expansion or observe the furious expansion of black holes. We infer both from redshift seen by remote observers who know nothing of Einstein’s theories. If the mass, M, of the physical dimension remains constant, so must everything else within it.

This all ought to be obvious, but the world has been led astray into blindness. How could great minds have so misled us? We aren’t ready to imagine an upper dimension that converts cosmic expansion into the mirrored force of gravity inside a box constrained by conjoined time and space. What's inside the box cannot perceive what happens outside of it. Instead of observing everything receding away, we see the equal and opposite reaction of objects drifting towards each other at the equivalent, accelerating rates. Newton said it so well. “Every action creates an equal and opposite reaction.” The red shift and Michelson-Morley experiment prove these inferences. If the physicists were on top of it, they’d make the measurements that verify it.

Pointing out these facts will get me banned from any physics forum for spreading conspiracy theories. I thought this was just common sense, not conspiracy theory. Indeed, who ever heard of the Cosmic Expansion Model or anything like it? It appears I’m the first and only so far. Herein lies proof that it is the only correct model of the universe. Don’t let go.

**So Many Jokes, So Little Time**The common man has such little power. The keys to real understanding are beyond our reach. That mainstream physics is not just a joke, but a cruel joke on all of us is kept behind closed doors. If some bloke were really to discover the correct model of the universe and solve the riddle of gravity it would go to the grave with him. My own jokes hoping to fight back are lost on humanity. It isn't really a joke, though is it? How could the world of physics comprising the greatest minds in human history find itself so lost and doing such a disservice to taxpayers who trust them for honest answers?

Whether lost on the world or not, I did promise that the mathematicians would see the light and we would fight back and win. Complex formulas are Einstein’s game, so this book relies on the unerring logic of mathematics without complex equations. The simple, concise formulas used are enough to capture the truth and do the precise calculations the world waits for. So, please bear with me as we rephrase the problem of time and space in an expanding universe, bypassing the convoluted logic of Einstein and piercing the target.

Consider the physicists' pre Big Bang where the seed of the universe was squeezed into a singular point, the singularity, where time was non existent. Then is exploded and as it expanded and cooled, matter condensed out of energy. The crux, of course, is that matter occupies space, and when space and time expand or contract together as a whole, so far as we can know by means of earthly measures, by our own reckoning the universe measures exactly the same and clocks run at the same speed. So why do they tell us that the universe is expanding? Perhaps because it pays the bills. Physicists describe how we would all be crushed into nothing by the force of a black hole, but according to the equations that validated Einstein’s theories, a space traveler would see no change in his dimensions or measure of time whether far away or in the middle of a black hole. It is only "remote" observers that infer these differences in dimensions from red shift or time delay. Whose measures of time or distance is correct? The foundations of modern physics wait on the answer while the physicists talk out of both sides of their mouths. Experiments long ago proved that yardsticks and clock speeds do not change for local observers because they are locked in the box that does. Uniform velocity need not come into the argument, though Einstein himself admitted that the clock owned by the traveling brother in the twin paradox was slow due to acceleration and deceleration, not uniform motion. If the first postulate of relativity is that it is arbitrary who is at rest and who in motion, and the next postulate is that the watch worn by the traveler runs slower, then we all have the right to hear no more. Henry Dingle may have been cut down by Nature magazine, but we mathematicians can carry the torch.

True cosmic expansion as poorly described by physics can only be measured from an external coordinate system which must exist, so why not consider the nature of that outer dimension? They must be forced to deceive themselves, because proof of a fixed, outer dimension is nested within the reality of cosmic expansion. Don’t dodge the truth by simply declaring the concept of gravitational redshift without demonstrating a real cause. Only an expanding dimension explains gravitational red shift. Here's where the mathematicians can save science and rescue humanity from ignorance. It isn't necessary to have access to the coordinates of a master universe. Time and space may have a different meaning there, but objective observations of our own dimensions and time cannot be made from within our own dimension. All that is required is to assign our universe a master dimension, D, a master time, T, and a rate of time, R, then plot any changes occurring in our lower, physical dimension relative to cosmic expansion observable by a conscious entity in D.

Though we cannot see any changes in measurements as the universe expands from the so called Big Bang onwards, G will observe that the universe is indeed expanding into D at the same time Newton’s third law says it causes the equal and opposite force of gravity inside the the physical universe. Do not call me a crackpot for telling the truth. The physicists agree that at the initial singularity T is zero and the rate of time, R, is also zero. It is only when the universe expands that light is propagated at a speed proportional to mass M and the hands of a clock start to move. Recall the value of G, Newton's gravitational constant that holds the universe together, must diminish if expansion reduces density in our own dimension. This is what I held onto for a long time to justify the Big Bang. But cosmic expansion does not affect the fixed volume of the universe. Einstein himself ate crow and declared G to be variable, but he of all people should have known that G cannot be varied (refer to chapter on G for more).

Suppose that the universe suddenly stopped expanding. Internal dimensions should remain the same, but clocks would stop, and since there is no expansion to drive the force of gravity, there could be neither gravity or time. No matter how fast the rate of expansion, clock speed and gravity are determined by the quantity of mass, M, so the Big Bang could not have occurred on the physical level. And since accelerating expansion is required to produce force, the expansion of cosmic space must start small and increase. Not much of a Bang, boys. Expansion is an intrinsic property of the cosmic universe that occurs at a fixed, accelerating rate proportional to M. Acceleration of expansion is the most fundamental property of matter.

Do we need dark energy to explain diffusion? Likewise, do we need to prove the necessary fact, that matter expands at an accelerating rate into new space annexed from an outer dimension? It wasn't obvious to Einstein, but will be well understood and accepted by us as an established fact. Cosmic expansion is the cause of Hubbell’s red shift, not physical expansion within our physical sphere. The outer, cosmic dimension of the universe has been expanding, but not any of the physical dimensions or processes we know. Time proceeds as a function of expansion because the rate of expansion is what propagates light and determines the fixed ratio between clock speed and length. The world in darkness believes that time is independent and constant, that it proceeds with or without expansion; however, expansion alone drives the flow of time, force of gravity and length of a meter. To drive this point home, consider that the so called Big Bang was itself the primordial black hole where all creation was crammed into a singularity. Black holes today are little Big Bangs expanding just the same, but we don’t see them exploding. We cannot directly measure cosmic expansion or observe the furious expansion of black holes. We infer both from red shifts seen by remote observers that tell us the rate of expansion in the cosmic universe started slow and must continue to accelerate to produce the force of gravity.

This ought to be obvious, but an unbelieving world has been led through the path of darkness. The well known requirements of a "Unified Field" can’t be considered to pose the right questions until relativity is discarded and the operation of cosmic expansion properly understood. Certainly, if cosmic expansion rules gravity and time and is a property of matter, then no more reasonable conclusion can be made than that the rate of expansion is proportional to the density of matter in a given region. This is the meaning of Einstein’s “curvature” of space. On our level, we don’t see gravity as the opposing action of expansion, but logically unmistakable evidence is seen in redshift measurements and the Michelson-Morley experiment.

Interesting that Einstein stated that objects do not fall and accelerate towards the Earth, but that it is Earth accelerating upwards towards stationary objects. I have had very strongly worded retorts that Einstein never said any such thing, so spare me the trouble to embarrass you. That isn't seen in relativity or the standard model, so why? Perhaps he knew the truth of cosmic expansion. This is how it would appear to an outside observer peering inside the box. Maybe he dropped the notion because he didn't want to give credit to someone else. From outside the “box,” celestial bodies are seen to expand outwards at rates proportional to their masses and overtake smaller objects. Einstein is certainly the greatest puppet master of all time. His legion of disciples bog us down tirelessly with meaningless arguments about simultaneity and frames of reference. If modern physics is brought into line with the truth of the Cosmic Expansion Model, then physics can get over itself and advance with dignity into the 21st century.

Physicists Ponder: Is Expansion Accelerating or Decelerating?

Hopefully, you now understand why and how gravity is the equal and opposite reaction to cosmic expansion generated as a property of mass. Would a constant rate of expansion be sufficient to produce gravity which accelerates the rate of falling bodies? Not at all. The rate of expansion must accelerate to cause the equal acceleration due to gravity. We’ve all been taken in by the Big Bangers who envision the primordial original universe as raw energy and zero

entropy (perfect order). With expansion, they believe, the expanding universe cooled and eventually matter condensed out as elementary particles. But for gravity to exist, expansion must accelerate and be a fundamental property of matter. By now, this should be fully resolved in your mind, but please don’t give up until after reading the entire book. The expansion of matter into the upper dimension is opposed by the equal and opposite force in the physical dimension that pushes objects back towards each other as gravity. Even if expansion didn't produce gravity, we wouldn't perceive it because distance and the rate of time expand together. If you fell into a black hole you would be squished by intense gravitational force, but by the contraction of space. Dimensions would remain the same at least as far as ordinary yardsticks go. Understand clearly that this is no theory, but fact. The rate of expansion in the upper realm matches the rate of acceleration due to gravity in the lower dimension. Relative rates for both can be calculated from redshift with the well established Doppler formulas.

The short answer is that the expansion of the universe can only be accelerating because acceleration is the equal and opposite force of gravity. It is easy to see that expansion must be the same as the mysterious dark energy. The major failure of physicists to understand cosmic expansion is probably also the need to invent dark matter. Since physical objects do exist in the upper dimension where there is no mass, it could be that there are pockets of expanding mass that have escaped the physical dimension but still exert a retrograde force. Much study has to be done to explore the upper dimension; otherwise science will never escape the current dark age. We rely on good mathematicians to rescue humanity.

**Fate of the Universe...**Though separated by large distances, you are even now as you always were a part of all things, a cog in the cosmic machine, but your acts steer the future course of creation. There is no reason to believe that your death will be the end of your soul and you will not inherit a place in eternity. I know this is true, not only because of the gift of a rational mind but because God showed me in a near death experience that there is a real place beyond the universe which has no mass, not empty but filled with energy. Perhaps it lies far beyond the upper dimension where light is propagated, but I like to think they are one and the same. According to Einstein, gravity is like a ball bearing rolling around on a rubber mat of space-time. If you're honest, that doesn't help understand gravity. Cosmology has become a cheap, Broadway act, but if you drive the contrivances of relativity and the standard model from your mind and ponder the Cosmic Expansion Model, the cosmos will come into perfect focus. Dueling with the physicists will get you censured. Don’t argue with stupid people whose jobs depend on propagating nonsense. Regard the universe as an enclosed box, more accurately a sphere with a distinct radius R, mass M, volume V expanding into the upper dimension at the rate M/s^2 as the units in Newton's G assure us. The age A of the universe will be considered later.

This isn’t to say that Hubbell was entirely wrong. At first he refused to accept recessional velocity as a cause of intergalactic redshift, though he eventually caved with Einstein to the Big Bangers. The intergalactic red shift does not prove expansion in the physical dimension as the cosmologists insist. The distances between stars and galaxies do not expand as a result of cosmic expansion. The redshift observed speaks only of Doppler shift in an expanding upper dimension magnified by acceleration like all gravitational red shift. There has to be a coordinate system outside the visible universe, a painful fact physicists are not able grasp even while talking of cosmic expansion. I did once think that the measurable universe could be expanding if a secondary expansion occurs as a result of a diminishing G as Einstein hastily concluded after being pursued by the Big Bangers. That was his famous Biggest Blunder. I didn't realize it was impossible for G to varied in that way until the end of this project. I took a look at the units of G and realized no person with any mathematical aptitude could conclude that. Einstein was either a cosmic fool or a lying rat or maybe forced to make a concession to harden his reputation as the greatest scientist who ever lived.

The point was made that true cosmic expansion can only be measured from an external coordinate system. Logic demands one exists. Physicists do not have access to that unknowable dimension except through redshift. Here's where mathematicians save the day. We point out that it isn't necessary to access coordinates of the master universe, only know that they are fixed. Time and space haven't the same meaning there, but inferences from observations made from our own dimension can be made. You can't call me a crackpot because these unique inferences result from sound logic. If you go back over it enough times, you can see it perfectly. It is only when the upper, external universe expands at an accelerating rate that apples fall and hands of the clock move in response. Cosmic expansion into the ethereal dimension is what gives intergalactic Hubbell red shift, not recessional velocity in our own dimension as the physicists promote with such vigor.

Only fools believe that time is independent and constant. Accelerated expansion of space at the speed of light determines the flow of time and force of gravity. To drive this point home, consider that black holes expand into the upper dimension in exactly the same way as a Big Bang would have done. The problem is that expansion starts out small and accelerates. What qualifies as big comes only later. Even more, expansion is limited to the upper dimension while dimensions in the physical universe remain fixed. This the physicists deny, but they are wrong. All we see of cosmic expansion is "gravitational" red shift. Only a remote observer in the cosmic dimension would perceive the Doppler effect of receding bodies. Expansion is proportional to mass M. If M is unchanging, the speed of light is unchanging, the force of gravity is unchanging, and the length of a meter is unchanged within the physical dimension. We cannot directly measure cosmic expansion or observe the furious expansion of black holes. We infer both from redshift seen by remote observers who know nothing of Einstein’s theories. If the mass, M, of the physical dimension remains constant, so must everything else within it.

This all ought to be obvious, but the world has been led astray into blindness. How could great minds have so misled us? We aren’t ready to imagine an upper dimension that converts cosmic expansion into the mirrored force of gravity inside a box constrained by conjoined time and space. What's inside the box cannot perceive what happens outside of it. Instead of observing everything receding away, we see the equal and opposite reaction of objects drifting towards each other at the equivalent, accelerating rates. Newton said it so well. “Every action creates an equal and opposite reaction.” The red shift and Michelson-Morley experiment prove these inferences. If the physicists were on top of it, they’d make the measurements that verify it.